Over the last 30 years, the world, particularly the labour market, has undergone significant changes due to various factors, including technological advancement, demographic shifts, and economic trends. Some of the key changes include:

Growth of Information Technology

Technological progress, especially in the field of information technology, has led to the emergence of new professions and increased demand for specialists in areas such as programming, software engineering, cybersecurity, and data analysis.

Globalization and Offshoring of Production

Manufacturing activities have shifted to developing countries like China and India, where labor costs are lower. This has resulted in changes in employment patterns in some traditional manufacturing sectors in developed countries.

Automation and Artificial Intelligence

The development of robotics, automation, and artificial intelligence has had an impact on the labor market. Certain routine and low-skilled jobs have been replaced by automated systems, necessitating an increase in specialization and the adoption of new skills.

Changes in Demographic Structure

With an increase in average life expectancy and a larger proportion of the elderly population, there is a growing demand for health and geriatric services, as well as professionals involved in elderly care.

Flexibility in Working Hours and Remote Work

The development of information and communication technologies allows more people to work remotely and take advantage of flexible working hours, such as freelancers, remote workers, or online business owners.

Shift in Sector Composition

Changes are observed in the sector composition of the economy. For example, the services and technology sectors continue to grow, while some traditional sectors like manufacturing and finance undergo transformations.

These changes in the labor market have created both challenges and opportunities for workers, and have significantly influenced the professional landscape. As a result, some professions have disappeared or undergone substantial changes.

Postal Workers Became Couriers

Traditional postal roles for delivering letters were largely replaced by electronic mail and online communications. Meanwhile, the role of couriers for delivering packages and parcels has become more popular and in demand than ever before.

Telephone Operators Became Customer Service Consultants

With the development of automated customer service systems, traditional telephone operators have been replaced by voice menu systems and online support.


The profession of photojournalism changed with the advent of digital photography and social media. Everyday access to cameras and real-time photo sharing has contributed to a decline in the number of professional photojournalists.


Automation of numerous banking operations and administrative processes has significantly reduced the need for professions related to manual cash counting and paper document processing.


As information has transitioned to electronic formats and electronic archiving has improved, the work of traditional archivists has decreased.

It’s important to note that despite the disappearance of some professions, a number of new professions and opportunities have arisen as a result of the aforementioned factors and changing societal needs.

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